What is Occupational Therapy?
In the simplest terms Occupational Therapy (OT) helps people participate in everyday activities (“occupations”). OT can benefit those who have suffered an illness or injury or have a disability that impairs their function, elderly adults that are experiencing physical and cognitive changes, and children with developmental delay or disabilities.
Occupational therapy can help to regain skills, learn new ones, and provide support and encouragement through the process.
One’s “occupation” can be defined as the way we spend our time. This can be divided into 3 categories:
- Self-Care: sleeping, eating, grooming/dressing and toileting
- Work or School
- Leisure: Any way that one decides to spend their unoccupied time i.e playing, socializing, reading, writing etc.
How Does Occupational Therapy work?
Occupational therapy interventions focus on teaching and modifying a skill, changing and adapting the environment, and educating the family and patient in order to increase performance and participation of daily activities, especially those that are meaningful to the patient.
The patient will receive an individualized evaluation from an occupational therapist that will determine the goals of the patient, whether it be physical improvement, gross motor function, or regaining skills. Occupational therapists will then will work with the patient on a one-to-one basis to help them accomplish their goals.
Occupational Therapy also helps to build confidence and empower the individual!
Who Can Benefit from Occupational Therapy?
Occupational therapists work with clients of all ages, ranging from infants to the elderly that are in need of assistance in accomplishing everyday tasks.
If someone you love suffers from an illness, injury or disability that prevents them from independently functioning and completing their everyday tasks occupational therapy can strongly benefit them.